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Secies of rose cultivated in Roman times are belived to be: Rose gallica L., the apothacary rose; Rosa phoenicea L., which originated in the near East; Rosa damascena L., of which the highly praised twice-flowering rose of Paestum was a cultivar; Rosa moschata L., the autumn flowering musk; Rosa canina L. the dog rose; Rosa centifloia L., the cabbage rose, Rosa alba L. Modern botanists believe that the centifolia rose mentioned by Greek and Latin sources could be a form of Rosa alba L.(Ancient Roman Gardens; Linda Farrar;1998; p140 )